Military Use Of Shannon Airport

Shannon Airport has been used by the US military on their way to/from wars in Iraq, Afghanistan and elsewhere for over a decade and a half. It has also operated as a stopover point for CIA rendition planes. All this came about without the permission of the Irish people. As a result we are all complicit in gross violations of human rights, the killing of innocent civilians, and unending cycles of suffering for millions of people.

Since 2002 close to 3 million US troops have gone through Shannon Airport. The numbers were at their highest in 2005 when Shannon facilitated 341,000 soldiers on their way to war. The figures for 2019 were less than half of that (86,653). However this decrease does not in any way diminish Ireland's complicity in war.


US Troops Passing Through Shannon Since 2002

Most of the US troops passing through Shannon are on board flights that are classified as "civilian". These are governed by the 1944 Convention on International Civil Aviation (known as the Chicago Convention). Most but not all of the troop carriers are operated by Omni Air International. The Irish government has acknowledged that these aircraft are permitted to carry weapons on board.

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YEAR TOTAL
2020 71,263
2019 86,653
2018 93,852
2017 60,968
2016 48,648
2015 63,549
2014 55,405
2013 69,840
2012 101,108
2011 250,000
2010 229,000
2009 265,000
2008 256,000
2007 263,000
2006 281,000
2005 341,000
2004 159,000
2003 122,000
2002 73,000

Permits Issued to Carry Munitions of War through Ireland or Irish Airspace

The Chicago Convention states that "no munitions of war may be carried in or above the territory of another State in aircraft engaged in international navigation, except by permission of such State". This only covers the so-called "civilian" aircraft like Omni Air International's that are carrying troops and cargo. In Ireland civilian flights carrying weapons must be given prior permission to overfly or land by the Minister for Transport. The vast majority of these requests are from aircraft chartered by the US military.

The number of exemptions for the carriage of munitions of war on civil aircraft are as follows.

Year Applications Permits Granted
    Total  Overflights Landing  Landing in Shannon
2020 1171 1165 772 393  386
2019 1083 1075 609 466 454
2018 1075 1054 550 504 485
2017 944 919 540 379 334
2016 864 813 573 240 210
2015 869 812 - - -
2014 606 584 - - -
2013 714 693 - - -
2012 821 807 - - -
2011 1393 1382 - - -
2010 1352 1307 - - -
2009 1306 1276 - - -
2008 1387 1359 - - -
2007 1517 1495 - - -

The landings at Shannon are the "civilian" aircraft, operated mostly by Omni Air International, with the personal weapons of US troops on board.

Civil Air Ireland publishes additional information pertaining to the number of applications received for an exemption for the carriage of munitions of war on civil aircraft, including the number of requests granted, refused and cancelled. These are available on the Department of Transport, Tourism and Sport (DTTAS) website here

For more information on the carriage of munitions of war on civil aircraft see the DTTAS website here.


Destinations for Troop Transiting Through Shannon

A report published by the Irish Times in June 2019 calculated that the US military accounted for at least 93% of the flights requesting permits to carry munitions that passed through Irish airports or airspace between 2014 and 2018 inclusive. These involved troops going to 39 different countries. Most of the troops were either returning to the US (385,353) from a variety of locations around the world, or travelling to Germany (184,435) where the US has its European military headquarters. In that time period, a large number of US troops also travelled to Kuwait (133,762), Jordan (2,212), the UAE (2,786) and Bahrain (2,186). All these destinations are part of the US-backed and Saudi-led coalition involved in the war in Yemen. The US also flew 1,798 troops to its military base in Djibouti, which is separated from Yemen by the Red Sea and is seen as a significant location on the route to the Suez Canal.


US Military Flights Through Shannon

In addition to the US troop carrier flights, aircraft operated directly by the US Air Force and Navy also land at Shannon. Quite extraordinarily, the Irish government claims that these aircraft are all completely unarmed, carrying no arms, ammunition or explosives and are part of military exercises or operations. This is desipte the fact that in September 2013 a Hercules C-130 with a 30mm cannon mounted on the side was photographed at Shannon.

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For a foreign military aircraft to land at an Irish airport or even to pass through Irish airspace, permission must be granted by the Minister for Foreign Affairs. According to successive Ministers for Foreign Affairs permission is subject to "strict conditions". Most recently (November 2020) the Minister Simon Coveney said that "these routinely include stipulations that the aircraft must be unarmed, carry no arms, ammunition or explosives and must not engage in intelligence gathering, and that the flights in question must not form part of military exercises or operations. Overflights by US military aircraft are permitted without prior notification, where the aircraft are unarmed, carry only cargo and passengers and comply with navigational requirements".

For a full breakdown of the overflights granted permission from 1 January 2015 to 31 December 2019, along with details of the number of aircraft granted permission to land at Shannon airport in the same time period, click here.

The table below provides a summary of the US military overflights and landings at Shannon from 2015 onwards.

Year

Permits for US military landings at Shannon

Permits for US military overflights 

2021 (Jan) 25 32
2020 341 487
2019 475 734
2018 373 724
2017 399 1419
2016 586 1427
2015 582 511

Its difficult to believe that none of these military aircraft had any weapons on board or were not involved in military operations or exercises.

Additional notes

  1. A small number of the flights that were granted permits were subsequently cancelled (after permits are issued).
  2. Overflights of US military aircraft are permitted without prior notification.
  3. A small number of permits to land at Shannon are also issued to military aircraft from other countries. For example, in 2019, permits were issued for flights from: France (13), Ukraine (5), Iraq (4), Belgium (3), Palestine (3), Canada (3), India (2), Honduras (2), Egypt (1), Germany (1), Hungary (1), Italy (1), Portugal (1), Qatar (1), Sweden (1), and Switzerland (1).

Recommended reading: The Militarisation of Ireland's Foreign and Defence Policy:
A Decade of Betrayal and the Challenge of Renewal 
(Afri, 2007)


Shannonwatch routinely logs military-related aircraft landing at Shannon. Not all landings have been recorded, but details of those that have can be made available on request. Contact us for more details.